Anatomy of a Compound Bow | Detailed Breakdown of All the Parts of a Compound Bow

A compound bow is the simplest bow to use if you want successful shooting. But first, you should understand the anatomy of a compound bow to get the best performance.

A compound bow doesn’t require much knowledge to shoot. This is to say you will not be engaging more in practice since there is little to learn. Knowing all the body parts of a compound bow is also important since you will get familiar with it.

You can tell when to attack and when to bring the animal close for easy shooting. This way, you will be enjoying every shooting you do. Check the anatomy of a compound bow for a better understanding.

Compound Bow Parts Diagram

Before we describe the parts of a bow, let us look at these compound bow diagrams to the compound bow components. Check these parts of a compound bow and accessories.

Anatomy of a Compound Bow

Parts of A Compound Bow

Since there are many compound bow parts, it is essential to know the anatomy of a bow and these bow parts functions. Once you know the compound bow parts and functions, it will be easy to get the most from your crossbow.

This can be very tiring since mastering parts of the bow is not an easy thing.  Once you see the compound features, you will be able to understand the bow anatomy. The following are the parts of a compound bow explained.

1. Cams

Cams refer to the oval or round-shaped wheel that attaches the compound bow limbs to the clamp. They allow the transfer of limb energy to the string and the pointer.

The cam allows management of the draw weight bow after pulling back the string. Once you have pulled the string fully, then you will get strong shots.

Types of cams

  • Binary cams – Allows cable control from tying into the limbs
  • Single cams – Enables idler spin to feed the cable and regulate the bow pulp.
  • Twins cams – It controls the bow.
  • Hybrid cams – A dual cam system that helps in weight pull control and creates power.

2. Risers

This is the main point in which attaches the other parts. It has an arrow shelf and a clutch. It has support points that rest and sensation to attach the bow. It also provides stability to all the other parts.

3. Rests

The rests are attached to the top of the grip. It holds the arrow in a straight line no matter which direction the bow is. It is attached to the riser, and it acts as a support shoulder for the arrow. We have different types of rests that have different features.

The following are different types of rests.


Since we have many options for sights, there is a need to look for the best one. Below are the different types of sights.

  1. Peep sights – Enables you to be able to focus on your aim so that, after pulling back, you can stare through the peep sight to aim directly through the pin and the target
  2. Pin sights – We have two types
  3. Single pin- A single pin is simple to adjust since it has a fixed interval set. It also aids in precise adjustment, and it creates a clear picture. This pin sight provides a reference point that the archer can lift.
  4. Multi-pin is very incredible since you can change your aiming point by bringing a new pin into your next aiming point just by pacing your arm.


The limbs attach to the raiser to allow energy building that you need for a shot when you pull the bow.

Here we have the traditional and parallel limb bow. The parallel limb bow features a long riser and short back limbs, which are straight when you pull them out fully. After releasing the bow thread to the bottom, they will recoil.

Strings and cables

Cam wheels connect the strings on the compound bow.

This pulls back the bow, and in a single cam, they use a single cable and a single long string.  Dual cam uses two cables and one string.

To keep a better performance, change your string and cables after every two to three years.


We have a variety of silencers, and they come in different colors and shapes. Silencers are tiny rubber items that are set between the strands of a bowstring. They dispel noise and vibrations caused by the bowstring upon release.

Speed Nocks

It boosts arrow speed after you add the weight to the string. These speed nocks give the bowstrings more power and produce more arrow speed.

Arrow Shelf

The arrow shelf is the grip above where you mount the arrow rest. You can find it in various lengths based on the draw weight, and it protects your hands when holding the bow.


 When you are aiming at shooting, you will hold a bow grip. The grips are feature rubber, wood, and plastic materials. You should be very careful if your bow is made from aluminum because it can get extremely cold or too hot to hold. Ensure you add some coating on it before installing it.

String Suppressor

Some bows come up with strong suppression, while some do not. The string suppressor help in the prevention of unnecessary slapping of the bowstring on the archer’s forearm.


When shooting, the stabilizer will balance your bow. Some compound bow does not have stabilizers but does have stabilized holes. Stabilizing will help you maintain your ability to move around when fully. They are not that important, but when you need consistency in shooting, then you should use them.

Wrist Sling

Wrist slings are cheap and easy to install and hold the bow during the shooting process if you lose your grip. You can buy them separately since they do not come with your bow during a purchase.

Brace Heights

This is the distance from the string back to the grip when you pull out the bow. Compound bows with bigger brace heights and longer inches are easier to shoot with, unlike the shorter brace heights.


D-loop is where the string attaches to the arrow’s nock. This is also where the release of the bowstring connects to the archer. When working with the bow, ensure the D-loop does not squeeze or go together. This is crucial to ensure you get the right accuracy.

Center Serving

Center serving helps in the prevention of wear out from reaching the arrow nocks. It also ensures the damage does not affect the bowstring.

Cable Guard

The rollers guard or cable guard will help you keep the cable out successfully. The pulling out of the cable provides clarity to the arrow.


 This is the part that holds extra arrows.  For easy access, you can mount them on the riser.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is a better compound bow vs. recurve bow?

The compound bow is better because it is easy to use, and it aids in better performance.  You will be aiming at better shooting due to pulley arrangements and strings, unlike the recurve bow.

During pullback, there is the generation of much power due to numerous cam and lengthy strings. This power makes it simple to carry the bow due to less strength; you need to draw back the arrow.  This lead to stability improvement.

Q: How do you identify the parts of a compound bow?

We identify the parts of a compound bow by classifying them according to size and weight. Having a heavy bow will hinder your hunting skills. This is because you will be using too much strength to draw back your bow while shooting.

Q: Why choose a compound bow for hunting?

Using a compound bow for hunting is very easy since it does not require many shooting skills.  It is also accurate in speed.

Q: What are parallel limbs?

Parallel limbs are the bows that have long risers and back limbs that are short. They release bowstring to the bottom cam that is producing small recoil.


Understanding the basic concept of a compound bow and parts of a compound bow is significant. It is only through the draw length and weight; you will aim at successful shooting. I hope the above compound bow parts list has given you some ideas of archery bow parts you didn’t know about.

Consider a bow that has components that you will need during the hunting period. Choose the best compound bow for women that is lightweight that you can move with freedom.

Knowing the anatomy of a compound bow and the functions of all the parts will not make your understanding smoother. But it will improve your likelihood by giving rise to many shots.